Integrating planning and reactive behavior by using semantically annotated robot tasks

Andreas Schierl, Alwin Hoffmann, Ludwig Nägele and Wolfgang Reif

Tasks that change the physical state of a robot and its environment take a considerable amount of time to execute. However, many robot applications spend the execution time waiting, although the following tasks might require time to prepare. This paper proposes to amend robot tasks with a semantic description of their expected outcomes, which allows planning and preparing successive tasks based on this information. The suggested approach allows sequential and parallel compositions of tasks, as well as reactive behavior modeled as state machines. The paper describes the means of modeling and executing these tasks, details different possibilities of planning in state-machine tasks and evaluates the benefits achievable using the approach on two example scenarios.
published 12.06.2018 Encyclopedia with Semantic Computing and Robotic Intelligence


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